Outcomes from the women's wellness project: A community-focused physical activity trial for women

Melissa A. Napolitano, Jessica A. Whiteley, George Papandonatos, Gareth Dutton, Nancy C. Farrell, Anna Albrecht, Beth Bock, Terry Bazzarre, Christopher Sciamanna, Andrea L. Dunn, Bess H. Marcus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Background: Given the low rates of physical activity participation, innovative intervention approaches are needed to make a public health impact. Methods: The study was conducted at the Miriam Hospital/Brown Medical School in Providence, RI, and in communities of Southeastern Massachusetts from 2002 to 2005. Previously sedentary women (n = 280; mean age = 47.1; 94.6% Caucasian) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: (1) Choose to Move, a self-help printed booklet (n = 93), (2) Jumpstart, a motivationally tailored, print based intervention (n = 95); or (3) Wellness, women's health materials (n = 92). Face-to-face contact at months 3 (M3) and 12 (M12) occurred within participants' communities in local libraries. Results: At M3, participants in the Jumpstart condition reported significantly more minutes of physical activity per week (M = 140.4, SE = 14.82) than participants in the Wellness condition (M = 98.1, SE = 15.09), (t(275) = 2.00, p < 0.05). The Jumpstart arm showed a trend towards significance (t(275) = 1.93, p = 0.054) when compared with the CTM arm (M = 99.5, SE = 15.11); there was no significant difference between the CTM and Wellness arms (t(275) = 0.07, p = NS). At M12, there were no significant differences (F(2,275) = 0.147, p = NS) between any of the treatment arms. Conclusions: Results suggest that print-based programs for physical activity may be efficacious short-term, but more research is needed to find approaches that are effective long-term. It is possible to deliver print-based programs through existing community infrastructures, however these approaches need further evaluation to examine maintenance effects apart from the demand characteristics of a research study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-453
Number of pages7
JournalPreventive Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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