Oxygen-enhanced water gas shift on ceria-supported Pd-Cu and Pt-Cu bimetallic catalysts

Junichiro Kugai, Jeffrey T. Miller, Neng Guo, Chunshan Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations


Aiming at enhancing H2 production in water gas shift (WGS) for fuel cell application, a small amount of oxygen was added to WGS reaction toward oxygen-enhanced water gas shift (OWGS) on ceria-supported bimetallic Pd-Cu and Pt-Cu catalysts. Both CO conversion and H2 yield were found to increase by the oxygen addition. The remarkable enhancement of H2 production by O2 addition in short contact time was attributed to the enhanced shift reaction, rather than the oxidation of CO on catalyst surface. The strong dependence of H2 production rate on CO concentration in OWGS kinetic study suggested O2 lowers the CO surface coverage. It was proposed that O2 breaks down the domain structure of chemisorbed CO into smaller domains to increase the chance for coreactant (H2O) to participate in the reaction and the heat of exothermic surface reaction helping to enhance WGS kinetics. Pt-Cu and Pd-Cu bimetallic catalysts were found to be superior to monometallic catalysts for both CO conversion and H 2 production for OWGS at 300 °C or lower, while the superiority of bimetallic catalysts was not as pronounced in WGS. These catalytic properties were correlated with the structure of the bimetallic catalysts. EXAFS spectra indicated that Cu forms alloys with Pt and with Pd. TPR demonstrated the strong interaction between the two metals causing the reduction temperature of Cu to decrease upon Pd or Pt addition. The transient pulse desorption rate of CO 2 from Pd-Cu supported on CeO2 is faster than that of Pd, suggesting the presence of Cu in Pd-Cu facilitate CO2 desorption from Pd catalyst. The oxygen storage capacity (OSC) of CeO2 in the bimetallic catalysts indicates that Cu is much less pyrophoric in the bimetallic catalysts due to lower O2 uptake compared to monometallic Cu. These significant changes in structure and electronic properties of the bimetallic catalysts are the result of highly dispersed Pt or Pd in the Cu nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 3 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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