Objective: To examine the association between uterine rupture and oxytocin use in trial of labor after cesarean. Methods: A case-control study was performed. Cases were all women with uterine ruptures who received oxytocin during a trial of labor after a single cesarean delivery within a 12-year period (n = 24). Four controls undergoing trial of labor after a single cesarean delivery were matched to each case by 500 g birth weight category, year of birth, and by induction or augmentation (n = 96). The study had an 80% power to detect a 40% increase in oxytocin duration or a 65% increase in total oxytocin dose. Results: No significant differences were seen in initial oxytocin dose, maximum dose, or time to maximum dose. Although women with uterine ruptures had higher exposure to oxytocin as measured by mean total oxytocin dose (544 mU higher) and oxytocin duration (54 minutes longer), these differences were not statistically significant. Women with uterine rupture who received oxytocin were more likely to have experienced an episode of uterine hyperstimulation (37.5% compared with 20.8%, P = .05). However, the positive predictive value of hyperstimulation for uterine rupture was only 2.8%. Conclusion: Although no significant differences in exposure to oxytocin were detected between cases of uterine rupture and controls, the rarity of uterine rupture limited our power to detect small differences in exposure. In women receiving oxytocin, uterine rupture is associated with an increase in uterine hyperstimulation, but the clinical value of hyperstimulation for predicting uterine rupture is limited.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynecology