A vesiculobullous disease termed paraneoplastic pemphigus with distinct autoantibodies was newly described in 1990. All reported cases have occurred in patients with a history of neoplasia, including lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, poorly differentiated sarcoma, and benign thymoma. As in pemphigus vulgaris, intraepithelial clefts with acantholysis are noted hisopathologically, and intercellular binding of immunoreactants is seen with direct immunofluorescence studies of mucous membrane and skin biopsies. However, immunoreactants may also be found along the basement membrane zone in paraneoplastic pemphigus. Indirect immunofluorescence using rat bladder epithelium as substrate shows an intercellular pattern that appears to be highly specific for paraneoplastic pemphigus. We report a patient with non-Hodgkins lymphoma of 8 years duration who developed severe erosive stomatitis and lichenoid dermatitis after receiving chemotherapy for a relapse of lymphoma. Her case illustrates the typical features of the disorder described as paraneoplastic pemphigus. Neoplasia-associated pemphigus may be a more precise term for this disorder because the course of the blistering eruption does not always parallel the course of the underlying cancer. The clinical features, histopathologic findings, and immunofluorescence findings of this unique syndrome are reviewed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine