Parents and the Reflected Appraisal Process: A Longitudinal Analysis

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93 Scopus citations


The reflected appraisal process was examined with longitudinal data obtained from 4th- through 8th-grade children (N = 338) and their parents. Cross-lagged regression analyses suggest that the actual and perceived (reflected) appraisals of parents affect children's self-appraisals. Evidence does not, however, support the conventional model of the reflected appraisal process. Reflected appraisals are not very accurate, they do not mediate the effect of actual appraisals on self-appraisals, and they are partly due to projection. The author argues that the reflected appraisal process involves the influence of generalized others rather than significant others, and that the differential impact of specific others cannot be established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)965-971
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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