We have established a mouse papillomavirus (MmuPV1) model that induces both cutaneous and mucosal infections and cancers. In the current study, we use this model to test our hypothesis that passive immunization using a single neutralizing monoclonal antibody can protect both cutaneous and mucosal sites at different time points after viral inoculation. We conducted a series of experiments involving the administration of either a neutralizing monoclonal antibody, MPV.A4, or control monoclonal antibodies to both outbred and inbred athymic mice. Three clinically relevant mucosal sites (lower genital tract for females and anus and tongue for both males and females) and two cutaneous sites (muzzle and tail) were tested. At the termination of the experiments, all tested tissues were harvested for virological analyses. Significantly lower levels of viral signals were detected in the MPV.A4-treated female mice up to 6 h post-viral inoculation compared to those in the isotype control. Interestingly, males displayed partial protection when they received MPV.A4 at the time of viral inoculation, even though they were completely protected when receiving MPV.A4 at 24 h before viral inoculation. We detected MPV.A4 in the blood starting at 1 h and up to 8 weeks postadministration in some mice. Parallel to these in vivo studies, we conducted in vitro neutralization using a mouse keratinocyte cell line and observed complete neutralization up to 8 h post-viral inoculation. Thus, passive immunization with a monoclonal neutralizing antibody can protect against papillomavirus infection at both cutaneous and mucosal sites and is time dependent.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science