Objective: Invasive monitoring provides valuable clinical information in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). However, there is no clear evidence indicating either stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) or subdural electrodes (SDE) as the optimal method. Our goal was to examine differences in postresection seizure freedom rates between SEEG- and SDE-informed resective epilepsy surgeries. Additionally, we aimed to determine potential clinical indicators for SEEG or SDE monitoring in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. Methods: A systematic literature review was performed in which we searched for primary articles using keywords such as “electroencephalography”, “intracranial grid”, and “epilepsy.” Only studies containing individual patient data (IPD) were included for analysis. A one-stage IPD meta-analysis was performed to determine differences in rates of seizure freedom (International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) guidelines and Engel classification) and resection status between SEEG and SDE patients. A Cox proportional-hazards regression was performed to determine the effect of time on seizure freedom status. Additionally, a principal component analysis was performed to investigate primary drivers of variance between these two groups. Results: This IPD meta-analysis compared differences between SEEG and SDE invasive monitoring techniques in 595 patients from 33 studies. Our results demonstrate that while there was no difference in seizure freedom rates regardless of resection (p = 0.0565), SEEG was associated with a lower rate of resection compared with SDE (82.00% SEEG, 92.74% SDE, p = 0.0002). Additionally, while SDE was associated with a higher rate of postresection seizure freedom (54.04% SEEG, 64.32% SDE, p = 0.0247), the difference between seizure freedom rates following SEEG- or SDE-informed resection decreased with long-term follow-up. A principal component analysis showed that cases resulting in SEEG were associated with lower risk of morbidity than SDE cases, which were strongly collinear with multiple subpial transections, anterior temporal lobectomy, amygdalectomy, and hippocampectomy. Significance: In this IPD meta-analysis of SEEG and SDE invasive monitoring techniques, SEEG and SDE were associated with similar rates of seizure freedom at latest follow-up. The former was associated with lower rates of resection. Furthermore, the clinical phenotypes of patients undergoing SEEG monitoring was associated with lower rates of complications. Future long-term prospective registries of IPD are promising options for clarifying the differences in these intracranial monitoring techniques as well as the unique patient phenotypes that may be associated with their indication.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Behavioral Neuroscience