Patients' expressed and unexpressed needs for information for informed consent.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Informed consent is the practical application of the principle of autonomy, and two of the five core features of informed consent are related to information. Researchers have reported on patients' expressed needs for information, such as their stated desires for the quantity of and the source of information. A separate body of research has examined patients' unexpressed needs for information from the perspective of cognitive psychology, such as the emotional tone and order of information. This article suggests that the autonomy of patients is best served by meeting their expressed and unexpressed information needs for in tandem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-57
Number of pages13
JournalThe Journal of clinical ethics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy


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