Patients living farther from a tertiary care center are more likely to undergo peripheral arterial bypass for acute and chronic limb-threatening ischemia

Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Leana Dogbe, Fadi Saber Habib Samaan, Faizaan Aziz, Sahil Sardesai, Faisal Aziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the proximity to the tertiary care hospital and the severity of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) at the time of lower extremity bypass (LEB) in a rural-urban mix region. Methods: Patients undergoing LEB from 2010 to 2020 at Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center were reviewed and stratified into two study groups based on a median distance from hospital (ie, Group I: ≥34 miles and Group II: <34 miles). Patients’ demographic features, preoperative data including comorbidities, and medications were analyzed. A univariate analysis for the patient characteristics between the two study groups, along with evaluation of postoperative outcomes, and a multivariate predictive modeling to study the PAD stage as the indication of LEB was performed. A P-value of < .05 was set as a significant difference between the groups for all the analyses. Results: There were 175 patients (49.9%) in Group I and 176 patients (50.1%) in Group II with a mean age of 65 ± 11.92 years (median, 64.61 years). No significant difference was observed in gender (P = .530), age (P = .906), and functional status (P = .830) between study groups. It was observed that patients in Group I were more likely to be overweight or obese (71.3% vs 57%; P = .007) and had a prior history of myocardial infarction (24.3% vs 15.3%; P = .036) in comparison to Group II. No postoperative outcomes were found to be statistically different between the study groups. The multivariate analyses based on various confounders displayed that patients in Group I had 56% higher likelihood of LEB for chronic limb-threatening ischemia (adjusted odds ratio, 1.56; 95% confidence interval, 0.92-2.62; P = .042). Group I patients also had five times higher odds of LEB for acute limb ischemia (adjusted odds ratio, 5.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.42-18.13; P = .012) as compared with those in the Group II. Conclusions: Patients’ proximity to a major tertiary hospital may have implications on the disease progression for patients with PAD and could also be related to inadequate vascular services in primary and secondary hospitals. Lack of preventive care and disease management in regions afar from a tertiary hospital could be other implicating factors and highlights the need for outreach programs, along with distribution of vascular specialists, to reduce geographical disparities and ensure equity in access to care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-127.e2
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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