Patterning poly(organophosphazenes) for selective cell adhesion applications

Eric W. Barrett, Mwita V.B. Phelps, Richard J. Silva, Roger P. Gaumond, Harry R. Allcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Five polyphosphazenes with different hydrophilicites were synthesized and screened in vitro. The purpose was to identify unique types of polymeric substrates that distinctly favored or markedly prevented cellular adhesion. The SK-N-BE(2c) human neuroblastoma cell line, utilized for its electrogenic responses, was used to test this differential adhesion. In particular, the objective was to specifically culture this cell line in a highly selective pattern. Each candidate polymer was cast into films and plated with neuroblastoma cells for 3 days. The polyphosphazene materials which showed negative cellular adhesive properties (-CAPs) were poly[bis(trifluoroethoxy)phosphazene] (TFE) and poly[bis(methoxyethoxyethoxy)phosphazene] (MEEP). The polyphosphazenes which showed positive cellular adhesive properties (+CAPs) were poly-[(methoxyethoxyethoxy)1.0 (carboxylatophenoxy)1.0phosphazene] (PMCPP), poly[(methoxyethoxyethoxy)1.0 (cinnamyloxy)1.0phosphazene] (PMCP), and poly[(methoxyethoxyethoxy)1.0 (p-methylphenoxy)1.0phosphazene] (PMMP). To test cellular selectivity, films of -CAP and +CAP were copatterned onto glass substrates. The micropatterned films were plated with SK-N-BE(2c) neuroblastoma cells for one week. The results showed that neuroblastoma cells adhere selectively (over 60%) to the +CAP microfeatures. We also showed that multiple properties can be achieved with a single material and that we can use TFE as both a -CAP and an insulation layer and PMCP as a conductive +CAP layer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1689-1697
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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