Patterns and correlates of multiple risk factors for adult-onset cancer among adolescents

Darren Mays, Beth N. Peshkin, Leslie R. Walker, Anisha A. Abraham, Kirsten B. Hawkins, Kenneth P. Tercyak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The authors investigated patterns and correlates of multiple cancer risk factors (MCRFs) among adolescents. Baseline data from an intervention efficacy trial were analyzed to examine patterns of co-occurring MCRFs and sociodemographic and theoretical (e.g. prevention self-efficacy) correlates of MCRFs among adolescents (N= 50) aged 13-21 years. The mean total MCRFs was 4.6 (SD = 1.6; range = 0-9). The most common risk factors were intentions to use alcohol (n= 40, 80%), <5 daily servings of fruits/vegetables (n= 40, 80%), and lifetime alcohol use (n = 38, 76%). MCRFs commonly co-occurred, suggesting a clustered risk profile. Higher age (B = 0.19, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.01, 0.38) and lower prevention self-efficacy (B = -0.16, 95% CI: -0.30, -0.02) were significantly (p < 0.05) associated with MCRFs. Multiple health behavior change interventions are needed to prevent accumulation of risk factors as youth mature. Self-efficacy may be an important target for prevention interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-262
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Child Health Care
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pediatrics


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