Pd and Au Contacts to SnS: Thermodynamic Predictions and Annealing Study

Ramya L. Gurunathan, Joseph Nasr, Jacob J. Cordell, Rona A. Banai, Michael Abraham, Kayla A. Cooley, Mark Horn, Suzanne E. Mohney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Tin(II) sulfide (SnS) is emerging as an attractive p-type absorber layer material for thin film photovoltaics, which motivates the search for Ohmic, low-resistance contacts for SnS. In this study, Pd and Au contacts were prepared on sputter-deposited SnS films and electrically characterized both as-deposited and after annealing of the contacts. Ternary phase diagrams were also calculated to help predict whether the chosen metals would react with the SnS film. Pd was expected to react with the SnS film, while Au was expected to be in thermodynamic equilibrium. The Pd contacts appeared reactive, and their resistance was minimized with post-deposition annealing at 400°C, while the Au contacts showed little change upon annealing and remained unreactive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6300-6304
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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