Peer influence, substance use and leisure: A cross-cultural comparison

Linda L. Caldwell, Karina Weichold, Edward A. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Aims: This study examined the relationship between leisure motivation/peer influence and alcohol cross culturally. Method: Secondary data from South Africa, Germany, and the United Sates were analysed. Results: Peer influence in leisure was positively related to alcohol use in all samples. In terms of leisure motivation, introjected motivation was positively associated with use in the German sample. Intrinsic and identified motivation were negatively related to use in the American sample. In the South African sample, identified motivation was negatively associated with substance use. Conclusion: Peer pressure in leisure was consistently associated with substance use, whereas different types of leisure motivation were related to substance use in the three contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-267
Number of pages7
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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