Pennsylvania coordinated specialty care programs for first-episode psychosis: 6- and 12-month outcomes

Megan B.E. Westfall, Christian G. Kohler, Irene Hurford, Courtney Abegunde, Dominick Agosti, Aaron Brinen, Mary Lyn Cadman, Catherine Conroy, Arielle Ered, Amanda Fooks, Olivia Franco, Zeeshan M. Huque, Denise Namowicz, Seamus O'Connor, Molly Oross, Elisa Payne, Deepak K. Sarpal, Lyndsay R. Schmidt, Alison Swigart, R. Marie WenzelMonica E. Calkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Aim: Pennsylvania (PA) first-episode psychosis (FEP) program evaluation is a statewide initiative, supported by the PA Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (PA-OMHSAS) and administered by PA Early Intervention Center/Heads Up, which evaluates fidelity and outcomes of PA Coordinated Specialty Care (CSC) programs. Programs participate in standard computerized measures of CSC outcomes using centralized informatics. The aims of the current report are to describe implementation of this core battery for program evaluation in PA and to present 6- and 12-month outcomes. Methods: Participants (n = 697) from nine PA CSC programs completed the core battery at admission. The battery was re-administered at 6- and 12-month follow-up, and data were analysed for individuals (n = 230) who had completed 12-months of treatment. Domains assessed via clinician report and/or self-report included symptoms, role and social functioning, self-perceived recovery and service utilization. Results: PA FEP CSC participants showed improvement over time in several domains, including decreased symptoms, higher role and social functioning, decreased hospitalizations, and improved self-perception of recovery, quality of life, and services satisfaction. Trends towards improvements were observed for participant happiness, hopelessness, and school-enrolment. Nearly all improvements were observed at 6-month follow-up, with earlier gains maintained at 12-months. Conclusions: PA FEP CSC programs demonstrate the ability to assess and improve critical outcomes of coordinated specialty care in PA. Improved outcomes by 12 months in treatment provides evidence of an effective treatment model and supports the continuation of these programs in pursuit of our goal of reducing schizophrenia disease burden on individuals and society.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1395-1408
Number of pages14
JournalEarly Intervention in Psychiatry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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