Perceptually induced distortions in cognitive maps

Alexander Klippel, Lothar Knuf, Bernhard Hommel, Christian Freksa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Cities on a map that are directly connected by a route are judged closer than unconnected cities. This route effect has been attributed to memory distortions induced by the integration of map information with high-level knowledge about implications of route connections. However, depicted routes also connect cities visually, thereby creating a single visual object - which implies a perceptual basis of the route effect. In this article we show that the effect does not depend on whether a map is presented as a map or as a meaningless pattern of symbols and lines (Experiment 1), and that the effect occurs even if spatial judgments are made vis-à-vis a permanently visible configuration (Experiment 2). These findings suggest that the distorted spatial representation is a by-product of perceptual organization, not of the integration of abstract knowledge in memory by given organization principles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)204-213
Number of pages10
JournalLecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (Subseries of Lecture Notes in Computer Science)
StatePublished - 2005
EventInternational Conference Spatial Cognition 2004: Spatial Cognition IV - Reasoning, Action, Interaction - Frauenchiemsee, Germany
Duration: Oct 11 2004Oct 13 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Perceptually induced distortions in cognitive maps'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this