Supporting mobility in asynchronous transfer mode (ATM)-based broad-band networks with wireless access links poses many technical challenges. One of the most important of these challenges is the need to reroute ongoing connections to/from mobile users as these users move among base stations. Connection rerouting schemes must exhibit low handoff latency, maintain efficient routes, and limit disruption to continuous media traffic while minimizing reroute updates to the network switches. In this paper we propose, describe an implementation for, and experimentally evaluate the performance of five different connection rerouting schemes. We show that one of these schemes, which operates in two phases, executes very fast reroutes (with a measured latency of 6.5 ms) in a real-time phase and, if necessary, reroutes again in a nonreal-time phase to maintain efficient routing. The scheme also results in negligible disruption to both audio (e.g., a 1-in-100 chance of a single packet loss at CD-quality audio rates of 128 kb/s) and low-bit-rate video (e.g., a 2-in-100 chance of a single packet loss for 1-Mb/s video) traffic during connection rerouting. Based on these results, we conclude that simple handoff schemes coupled with a connection management architecture are sufficient for supporting low-bit-rate continuous media applications over ATM-based wireless networks.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering