Permeability of coal and coal-biomass mixtures as feedstocks to reduce net carbon emissions

R. Belvalkar, D. Chandra, K. Sprouse, D. VanEssendelft, C. Marone, D. Elsworth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


We complete measurements of permeability on coal-biomass mixtures as a potential feedstock to gasifiers to reduce net carbon emissions. Permeability is measured under anticipated dry feed stress conditions to determine the potential for fugitive gas emission from the gasifier into the feed hopper. Cylindrical samples of coal-biomass blends are housed within a triaxial apparatus capable of applying mean and deviatoric stresses and of concurrently measuring gas permeability. We measure the evolution of strain, porosity and permeability under mean stresses of 3.5, 7 and 14 MPa. Permeability is measured by pulse transmission testing using N2and He as the saturant and assuming the validity of Darcy's law. Porosity is measured by pressure pulse with He as saturant and assuming an ideal gas. Experiments are conducted on a range of coals and biomass blends at mixtures of 100 percent coal through 100 percent biomass. Measured permeabilities are in the range 10-13 to 10-16 m2 with the 100 percent biomass blends showing lower permeabilities than the coal biomass and 100 percent coal blends. Permeabilities change in loading and unloading and exhibit hysteresis. We fit the data to connect permeability with porosity using relations for porous media where permeability changes proportionally to the cube of the change in porosity. This model performs adequately since there is little size reduction in the granular mass due to the applied isotropic loading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - Carbon Management Technology Conference 2012
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
Number of pages24
ISBN (Print)9781618396112
StatePublished - 2012
EventCarbon Management Technology Conference 2012 - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 7 2012Feb 9 2012

Publication series

NameSociety of Petroleum Engineers - Carbon Management Technology Conference 2012


OtherCarbon Management Technology Conference 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Media Technology
  • General Environmental Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Permeability of coal and coal-biomass mixtures as feedstocks to reduce net carbon emissions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this