Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-β/δ protects against chemically induced liver toxicity in mice

Weiwei Shan, Christopher J. Nicol, Shinji Ito, Moses T. Bility, Mary J. Kennett, Jerrold M. Ward, Frank J. Gonzalez, Jeffrey M. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Potential functional roles for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-β/δ (PPARβ/δ) in skeletal muscle fatty acid catabolism and epithelial carcinogenesis have recently been described. Whereas PPARβ/δ is expressed in liver, its function in this tissue is less clear. To determine the role of PPARβ/δ in chemically induced liver toxicity, wild-type and PPARβ/δ-null mice were treated with azoxymethane (AOM) and markers of liver toxicity examined. Bile duct hyperplasia, regenerative hyperplasia, and increased serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were found in AOM-treated PPARβ/δ-null mice, and these effects were not observed in similarly treated wild-type mice. Exacerbated carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) hepatoxicity was also observed in PPARβ/δ-null as compared with wild-type mice. No differences in messenger RNAs (mRNAs) encoding cytochrome2E1 required for the metabolic activation of AOM and CCl4 were observed between wild-type or PPARβ/δ-null mice in response to CCl4. Significant differences in the expression of genes reflecting enhanced nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activity were noted in PPARβ/δ-null mice. Conclusion: Results from these studies show that PPARβ/δ is protective against liver toxicity induced by AOM and CCl4, suggesting that this receptor is hepatoprotective against environmental chemicals that are metabolized in this tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-235
Number of pages11
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology


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