Person-centered care plans for nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia

Justine S. Sefcik, Caroline Madrigal, Allison R. Heid, Sheila L. Molony, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Irene Best, Barbara Resnick, Elizabeth Galik, Marie Boltz, Ann Kolanowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Little literature exists examining the development and implementation of personcentered care (PCC) plans focused on behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). The current study aimed to describe BPSD documented in nursing home (NH) residents' care plans, the types of approaches staff document in addressing those symptoms, and whether resident and/or facility characteristics are associated with documentation of PCC approaches. The sample included 553 residents from 55 NHs in two East Coast states. Resistiveness to care (44.9%), agitation (42.2%), and aggression (42%) were most frequently documented in care plans. PCC approaches were documented in care plans in 21.3% to 62.7% of cases depending on BPSD type. Resident (e.g., younger age, lower functional ability, lower cognitive ability, longer length of stay, male gender) and facility (e.g., less certifi ed nursing assistant staffi ng hours, greater percentage of residents taking antipsychotic medications, non-profi t status) characteristics were associated with increased odds of PCC approaches being documented. Optimal PCC planning is discussed, and a sample PCC plan is provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-27
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of gerontological nursing
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Nursing
  • Gerontology


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