Personality in perspective: Judgmental consistency across orientations of the face

Nicholas O. Rule, Nalini Ambady, Reginald B. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Though the psychological literature is replete with information about the perception of faces presented at a full-frontal view, we know very little about how faces are perceivedöand impressions formedöwhen viewed from other angles. We tested impressions of faces at full-frontal, three-quarter, and profile views. Judgments of personality (aggressiveness, competence, dominance, likeability, and trustworthiness) and physiognomy (attractiveness and facial maturity) were significantly correlated across full-frontal, three-quarter, and profile views of male faces. When under time pressure, with only a 50 ms exposure to each face, the correlations for profile with full-frontal and three-quarter view judgments of personality (but not physiognomy) dropped considerably. However, judgments of the full-frontal and three-quarter faces were significantly correlated across the self-paced and 50 ms viewing durations. These findings therefore show that perceptions of full faces lead to relatively similar interferences across both viewing angle and time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1688-1699
Number of pages12
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Artificial Intelligence


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