Perspectives on Self-Sampling for Cancer Screening From Staff at Federally Qualified Health Centers in Rural and Segregated Counties: A Preliminary Qualitative Study

Jayme Wood, Kelsey C. Stoltzfus, Madyson Popalis, Jennifer L. Moss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Self-sampling for colorectal and cervical cancer screening can address the observed geographic disparities in cancer burden by alleviating barriers to screening participation, such as access to primary care. This preliminary study examines qualitative themes regarding cervical and colorectal cancer self-sampling screening tools among federally qualified health center clinical and administrative staff in underserved communities. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with clinical or administrative employees (≥18 years of age) from FQHCs in rural and racially segregated counties in Pennsylvania. Data were managed and analyzed using QSR NVivo 12. Content analysis was used to identify themes about attitudes towards self-sampling for cancer screening. Results: Eight interviews were conducted. Average participant age was 42 years old and 88% of participants were female. Participants indicated that a shared advantage for both colorectal and cervical cancer self-sampling tests was their potential to increase screening rates by simplifying the screening process and offering an alternative to those who decline traditional screening. A shared disadvantage to self-sampling was the potential for inaccurate sample collection, either through the test itself or the sample collection by the patient. Conclusions: Self-sampling offers a promising solution to increase cervical and colorectal cancer screening in rural and racially segregated communities. This study’s findings can guide future research and interventions which integrate self-sampling screening into routine primary care practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCancer Control
Volume29
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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