Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of higher-dose, double-bolus eptifibatide in percutaneous coronary intervention

Ian C. Gilchrist, J. Conor O'Shea, Teddy Kosoglou, Lisa K. Jennings, Todd J. Lorenz, Michael M. Kitt, Neal S. Kleiman, David Talley, Frank Aguirre, Charles Davidson, John Runyon, James E. Tcheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


Background - Pharmacodynamics of eptifibatide, a cyclic heptapeptide antagonist of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa, are substantially altered by anticoagulants that chelate calcium, resulting in overestimation ex vivo of the in vivo effects of this agent. We conducted a dose-ranging study to characterize the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of eptifibatide under physiological conditions. Methods and Results - Patients (n=39) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention were randomly assigned to an eptifibatide bolus followed by an infusion (180-μg/kg bolus followed by 2 μg/kg per minute or 250-μg/kg bolus followed by 3 μg/kg per minute) for 18 to 24 hours. In a 2:1 ratio, these patients received either a second bolus of eptifibatide (90 μg/kg or 125 μg/kg for the initial 180-μg/kg or 250-μg/kg groups, respectively) or placebo 30 minutes after the initial bolus. Bleeding times, ex vivo platelet aggregation, receptor occupancy, and plasma eptifibatide levels at baseline and at 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 hours were evaluated. Platelet inhibition was dose dependent and >80% in all groups by steady state. The single-bolus regimens had a transient loss of inhibition at 1 hour, consistent with rapid distribution and drug elimination. Pharmacokinetic modeling suggested that optimal dosing of eptifibatide would be obtained with a 180-μg/kg bolus and a 2-μg/kg per minute infusion followed by a second 180-μg/kg bolus 10 minutes later. Conclusions - A novel higher-dose, double-bolus regimen of eptifibatide in coronary intervention attains and maintains >90% inhibition of platelet aggregation in >90% of patients, providing the pharmacodynamic construct for the design of the Enhanced Suppression of the Platelet IIb/IIIa Receptor with Integrilin Therapy (ESPRIT) trial of adjunctive eptifibatide in coronary stent implantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-411
Number of pages6
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 24 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of higher-dose, double-bolus eptifibatide in percutaneous coronary intervention'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this