A phase-field model for predicting the coherent microstructure evolution in constrained thin films is developed. It employs an analytical elastic solution derived for a constrained film with arbitrary eigenstrain distributions. The domain structure evolution during a cubic→tetragonal proper ferroelectric phase transition is studied. It is shown that the model is able to simultaneously predict the effects of substrate constraint and temperature on the volume fractions of domain variants, domain-wall orientations, domain shapes, and their temporal evolution.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)