Mixed-phase compositions in the Bi2O3-ZnO-Nb2O5 pyrochlore system have been previously identified as potential low-fire dielectric composites for high-frequency multilayer devices. However, there has been a problem with the ability to co-process this material with silver. It was found that an intermediate BiNbO4 phase that occurs during calcination can interact with silver during co-sintering, forming a deleterious phase. Processing routes to control the presence of remanent BiNbO4 were investigated, such as ZnO stoichiometric adjustment, low partial pressure of oxygen sintering atmosphere, and specific temperature-time dwells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering