Photocatalysis of gas-phase toluene using silica-titania composites: Performance of a novel catalyst immobilization technique suitable for large-scale applications

Christina Akly, Paul A. Chadik, David W. Mazyck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanostructured silica-titania composites (STCs) were casted as large cylindrical pellets to be used in an annular packed-bed reactor. Their performance for the photocatalytic conversion of toluene was investigated as a function of relative humidity (RH) and space time. The 172Å STCs were analyzed for their titania surface area (SA) available for reaction. Using silica as the titania support resulted in a loss of available titania SA of about 20%. However, casting the STCs in a large cylindrical pellet shape did not seem to further decrease the available titania SA. The effect of RH in the conversion of toluene was very significant. By increasing the RH from 13% to 90%, the conversion of toluene increased by 57%. Despite the large increase in RH, the catalyst still showed the yellowish coloration found at low RH, which is usually associated with deactivation. Toluene conversion increased with space time and steady-state conversions as high as 93% were achieved by increasing the space time up to 25s. For all conditions studied neither external nor internal mass transfer resistances were found to be significant. The pseudo-first-order kinetics equation was successfully fit to the data and resulted in a rate constant of 0.12s-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-335
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume99
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • General Environmental Science
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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