In this article, we studied the photorefractive properties of Cu-doped (K0.5Na0.5)0.2 (Sr0.75Ba0.25)0.9Nb2O6 (Cu:KNSBN) crystals with different doping levels. The properties include two-wave mixing and self-pumped phase conjugation, absorption properties, and the growth conditions as well. We also studied the effect of the dimensions on the photorefractive properties. The mechanism of Cu-doped KNSBN and the influence of the different sites occupied by Cu+ on photorefractive properties are also discussed. All the experimental results showed that doping levels have much effect on the photorefractive properties. The crystal with a higher doping level has a higher effective charge carrier density, a larger coupling coefficient, and a faster response rate, which is suitable for fast optical information processing. Dimension has much influence on the photorefractive properties. The thinner crystal with the same doping level has a larger coupling gain coefficient, and a shorter response time.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy