Phycobilisomes (PBS) function as light-harvesting antenna complexes in cyanobacteria, red algae and cyanelles. They are composed of two substructures: the core and peripheral rods. Interposon mutagenesis of the cpcBA genes of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 resulted in a strain (PR6008) lacking phycocyanin and thus the ability to form peripheral rods. Difference absorption spectroscopy of whole cells showed that intact PBS cores were assembled in vivo in the cpcBA mutant strain PR6008. Fluorescence induction measurements demonstrated that the PBS cores are able to deliver absorbed light energy to photosystem (PS) II, and fluorescence induction transients in the presence of DCMU showed that PR6008 cells could perform a state 2 to state 1 transition with similar kinetics to that of the wild-type cells. Thus, PBS core assembly, light-harvesting functions and energy transfer to PS I were not dependent upon the assembly of the peripheral rods. The ratio of PS II:PS I in the PR6008 cells was significantly increased, nearly twice that of the wild-type cells, possibly a result of long-term adaptation to compensate for the reduced antenna size of PS II. However, the ratio of PBS cores:chlorophyll remained unchanged. This result indicates that approximately half of the PS II reaction centers in the PR6008 cells had no closely associated PBS cores.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology