TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical applications of crystallographic color groups

T2 - Landau theory of phase transitions

AU - Litvin, D. B.

AU - Kotzev, J. N.

AU - Birman, J. L.

PY - 1982/1/1

Y1 - 1982/1/1

N2 - The simplest crystallographic color groups are the permutational color groups. Elements of these groups combine two types of transformations: One is a rotation and/or translation of physical space and the other is a permutation. The groups considered here are subgroups of direct products and abstractly isomorphic to crystallographic groups, hence their relative simplicity. Despite this simplicity, there is a richness of information contained in each such group. The group symbol GPGHH(A, A)n conveys the following: the isomorphic crystallographic group G, a subgroup H of G, the largest normal subgroup H of G, contained in H, and a transitive group of permutations P(A, A)n isomorphic to the factor group GH. We derive and tabulate here all classes of equivalent permutational color point groups using a definition of equivalence classes which we physically motivate. For applications we require and report here the permutation representation DGH of G associated with each GP and we reduce DGH into irreducible components. The major application given here is to the Landau theory of symmetry change in continuous phase transitions. A complete set of tables is presented for all allowed equitranslational ("Zellengleich" or k=0) phase transitions in crystals based on group-theoretical criteria, including a new "kernel-core" criterion. The tables may be used to determine all active representations for transitions between two specific groups or alternatively, all possible subgroups which can be obtained from a specific group and irreducible representation. We also relate two classifications schemes for phase transitions to the structure of permutational color groups.

AB - The simplest crystallographic color groups are the permutational color groups. Elements of these groups combine two types of transformations: One is a rotation and/or translation of physical space and the other is a permutation. The groups considered here are subgroups of direct products and abstractly isomorphic to crystallographic groups, hence their relative simplicity. Despite this simplicity, there is a richness of information contained in each such group. The group symbol GPGHH(A, A)n conveys the following: the isomorphic crystallographic group G, a subgroup H of G, the largest normal subgroup H of G, contained in H, and a transitive group of permutations P(A, A)n isomorphic to the factor group GH. We derive and tabulate here all classes of equivalent permutational color point groups using a definition of equivalence classes which we physically motivate. For applications we require and report here the permutation representation DGH of G associated with each GP and we reduce DGH into irreducible components. The major application given here is to the Landau theory of symmetry change in continuous phase transitions. A complete set of tables is presented for all allowed equitranslational ("Zellengleich" or k=0) phase transitions in crystals based on group-theoretical criteria, including a new "kernel-core" criterion. The tables may be used to determine all active representations for transitions between two specific groups or alternatively, all possible subgroups which can be obtained from a specific group and irreducible representation. We also relate two classifications schemes for phase transitions to the structure of permutational color groups.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.26.6947

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.26.6947

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:4243456567

SN - 0163-1829

VL - 26

SP - 6947

EP - 6970

JO - Physical Review B

JF - Physical Review B

IS - 12

ER -