Physics-informed gaussian process based optimal control of laser powder bed fusion

Yong Ren, Qian Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


Regulating the melt-pool size to a constant reference value during the build process is a challenging task in Laser Powder Bed Fusion additive manufacturing (LPBF-AM). This paper considers adjusting laser power to achieve a constant melt-pool volume during laser processing of a multi-track build under LPBF-AM. First, a Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) is applied to model the variation of the melt-pool volume along the deposition distance, with physics-informed input features. Then a constrained finite-horizon optimal control problem is formulated, with a quadratic cost function defined to minimize the difference between the melt-pool volume and a reference value. A projected gradient descent algorithm is applied to compute the sequence of laser power in the proposed optimal control problem. The GPR modeling of melt-pool dynamics is trained and tested using simulated data sets generated from a commercial finite-element based AM software, and the same commercial AM software is used to evaluate the control performance. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed GPR modeling and optimal control in regulating melt-pool volume for building multi-track parts with LPBF-AM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIntelligent Transportation/Vehicles; Manufacturing; Mechatronics; Engine/After-Treatment Systems; Soft Actuators/Manipulators; Modeling/Validation; Motion/Vibration Control Applications; Multi-Agent/Networked Systems; Path Planning/Motion Control; Renewable/Smart Energy Systems; Security/Privacy of Cyber-Physical Systems; Sensors/Actuators; Tracking Control Systems; Unmanned Ground/Aerial Vehicles; Vehicle Dynamics, Estimation, Control; Vibration/Control Systems; Vibrations
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791884287
StatePublished - 2020
EventASME 2020 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Oct 5 2020Oct 7 2020

Publication series

NameASME 2020 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2020


ConferenceASME 2020 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2020
CityVirtual, Online

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Optimization


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