Phytophthora genome sequences uncover evolutionary origins and mechanisms of pathogenesis

Brett M. Tyler, Sucheta Tripathy, Xuemin Zhang, Paramvir Dehal, Rays H.Y. Jiang, Andrea Aerts, Felipe D. Arredondo, Laura Baxter, Douda Bensasson, Jim L. Beynon, Jarrod Chapman, Cynthia M.B. Damasceno, Anne E. Dorrance, Daolong Dou, Allan W. Dickerman, Inna L. Dubchak, Matteo Garbelotto, Mark Gijzen, Stuart G. Gordon, Francine GoversNiklaus J. Grunwald, Wayne Huang, Kelly L. Ivors, Richard W. Jones, Sophien Kamoun, Konstantinos Krampis, Kurt H. Lamour, Mi Kyung Lee, W. Hayes McDonald, Mónica Medina, Harold J.G. Meijer, Eric K. Nordberg, Donald J. Maclean, Manuel D. Ospina-Giraldo, Paul F. Morris, Vipaporn Phuntumart, Nicholas H. Putnam, Sam Rash, Jocelyn K.C. Rose, Yasuko Sakihama, Asaf A. Salamov, Alon Savidor, Chantel F. Scheuring, Brian M. Smith, Bruno W.S. Sobral, Astrid Terry, Trudy A. Torto-Alalibo, Joe Win, Zhanyou Xu, Hongbin Zhang, Igor V. Grigoriev, Daniel S. Rokhsar, Jeffrey L. Boore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

875 Scopus citations


Draft genome sequences have been determined for the soybean pathogen Phytophthora sojae and the sudden oak death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum. Oömycetes such as these Phytophthora species share the kingdom Stramenopila with photosynthetic algae such as diatoms, and the presence of many Phytophthora genes of probable phototroph origin supports a photosynthetic ancestry for the stramenopiles. Comparison of the two species' genomes reveals a rapid expansion and diversification of many protein families associated with plant infection such as hydrolases, ABC transporters, protein toxins, proteinase inhibitors, and, in particular, a superfamily of 700 proteins with similarity to known oömycete avirulence genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1261-1266
Number of pages6
Issue number5791
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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