Phytophthora spp. Associated with Appalachian Oak Forests and Waterways in Pennsylvania, with P. abietivora as a Pathogen of Five Native Woody Plant Species

Devin Bily, Ekaterina Nikolaeva, Tracey Olson, Seogchan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

To document the distribution of potentially harmful Phytophthora spp. within Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture collected 89 plant, 137 soil, and 48 water samples from 64 forested sites during 2018 to 2020. In total, 231 Phytophthora strains were isolated using baiting assays and identified based on morphological characteristics and sequences of nuclear and mitochondrial loci. Twenty-one Phytophthora spp. in nine clades and one unidentified species were present. Phytophthora abietivora, a recently described clade 7a species, was recovered from diseased tissue of 10 native broadleaved plants and twice from soil from 12 locations. P. abietivora is most likely endemic to Pennsylvania based on pathogenicity tests on six native plant species, intraspecific genetic diversity, wide distribution, and recoveries from Abies Mill. and Tsuga Carri_ere plantations dating back to 1989. Cardinal temperatures and morphological traits are provided for this species. Other taxa, in decreasing order of frequency, include P. chlamydospora, P. plurivora, P. pini, P. cinnamomi, P. xcambivora, P. irrigata, P. gonapodyides, P. cactorum, P. pseudosyringae, P. hydropathica, P. stricta, P. xstagnum, P. caryae, P. intercalaris, P. 'bitahaiensis', P. heveae, P. citrophthora, P. macilentosa, P. cryptogea, and P. riparia. Twelve species were associated with diseased plant tissues. This survey documented 53 new plant-Phytophthora associations and expanded the known distribution of some species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1143-1156
Number of pages14
JournalPlant disease
Volume106
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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