Piezoelectric 3-3 Composites

K. Rittenmyer, T. Shrout, W. A. Schulze, R. E. Newnham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations


Piezoelectric composites of PZT and polymers were prepared by mixing tiny plastic spheres with PZT powder in an organic binder and firing the mixture to give a ceramic skeleton. After cooling, the skeleton was back-filled with polymer and poled. Dielectric and piezoelectric properties were measured on samples ranging from 30 to 70 volume % PZT, and compared with a rectangular skeleton model for 3–3 composites. Composites containing 50% PZT-50% silicone rubber appear especially useful for hydrophone applications with dhgh products a hundred times larger than PZT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-195
Number of pages7
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 1982

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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