Because infection with Ichthyophthirius multifiliis has been reported to result in osmotic stress, genesis of the plasma chloride and chloride cell response of channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus to the infection was studied from day 0 to day 7 postexposure (PE). Parasite population densities ranged from 0.08 to 0.22 trophonts per gill filament during days 1-5 PE and increased to 2.1 at day 7 PE. Population increases were the result of infection by a new generation of infective theronts and reproduction by the parasite on the host. Mean plasma chloride concentrations of fish were not significantly different among days 0-5 PE (range of means, 93.01-97.87 meq/L), but by day 7 PE the mean had declined significantly, to 83.73 meq/L. Maintenance of relatively stable plasma chloride concentrations for 5 d was associated with chloride cell proliferation. The number of interlamellar filament chloride cells had significantly increased by day 1 PE, and the number of chloride cells in the lamellae had significantly increased by day 5 PE. No further increase had occurred by day 7 PE. Vacuolization of chloride cells, examined by electron microscopy, became more common as infection progressed, and many chloride cells appeared to be degenerating by day SPE.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
|Published - Sep 1994
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science