Plasma microRNAs as biomarkers in hereditary angioedema

Timothy Craig, Kristina Richwine, Faoud Ishmael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is an autosomal dominant disease with variable expression. In some families with identical genetic abnormalities, the expression can range from several attacks per month to no attacks at all. It is hypothesized that post-transcriptional gene regulation accounts for the variable expression of the disease. Objective: To identify candidate microRNAs (miRNAs) that could play a role in HAE by determining whether miRNAs are differentially expressed in patients with HAE vs non-HAE individuals and whether expression profiles are tracked with severity. Methods: This study compared serum miRNA expression in patients with HAE vs non-HAE using RNA sequencing. Associations between miRNA expression and HAE severity were assessed in patients with mild disease (<6 attacks a year) vs severe disease (>1 attack per month). The functions of candidate miRNAs were analyzed using in silico methods. Results: There were robust miRNA expression differences between patients with HAE and non-HAE controls. A cluster analysis identified subgroups of patients with HAE having unique miRNA profiles that tracked with frequency of attacks. Two miRNAs, miR-99b-5p and miR-127-3p, were differentially expressed between mild and severe HAE (adjusted P < .05). In silico analysis revealed a function of differentially expressed miRNAs in regulation of C1 esterase inhibitor, kininogen, the bradykinin B2 receptor, and adherens junction function. Conclusion: Candidate microRNAs were identified that could distinguish patients with and without HAE and may be used to identify phenotypes of HAE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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