Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis was used to detect topoisomerase I (top1) mutations in total RNA from 16 specimens that were excised during surgery from eight patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had received preoperative chemotherapy consisting of irinotecan (CPT-11) and cisplatin. PCR single-strand conformation polymorphism and subsequent DNA sequencing analysis showed two nucleotide substitutions resulting in Trp736stop (TGG to TGA) and Gly737Ser (GGT to AGT) in one tumor specimen. The mutations were located near a site in top1 that was previously reported to harbor a mutation in the human lung cancer cell line PC7/CPT, which was selected for CPT resistance. These results demonstrate that mutations in top1 occur after chemotherapy with CPT-11 in NSCLC patients and suggest that development of resistance to CPT-11 in some patients may involve mutation of top1. However, the significance of top1 mutations to CPT resistance needs to be further investigated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research