Polycyclotrimerization of diynes, a new approach to hyperbranched polyphenylenes

Kaitian Xu, Ben Zhong Tang

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35 Scopus citations


Polycyclotrimerization of diynes was explored as a new route to hyperbranched polymers in this investigation. Polymerization of terminal diynes of 1,8-nonadiyne and 1,9-decadiyne was studied using TaCl5, NbCl5, Mo(CO)4(nbd) and [Mo(CO)3cp]2 as catalysts (where nbd = 2,5-norbornadiene, cp = cyclopentadiene). A soluble polymer was obtained when the polymerization of 1,9-decadiyne was initiated by TaCl5 at low temperature (0°C). The polymer, however, became partially soluble after purification, possibly due to the postpolymerization-induced crosslinking. NbCl5-catalyzed polymerization of 1,9-bis(trimethylsilyl)-1,8-nonadiyne gave a completely soluble polymer. Soluble polymers were also obtained from the polymerization of 3,9-dodecadiyne initiated by NbCl5, Mo(CO)4(nbd), [Mo(CO)3cp]2, PdCl2-ClSiMe3 and Pd/C-ClSiMe3. IR, UV, and NMR spectroscopic analysis revealed that different catalysts gave polymers with different structures, ranging from linear polyenes to hyperbranched polyphenylenes. The polymers absorb UV light at around 250 nm and emit fluorescence at 340 nm when they are excited at 248 nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-402
Number of pages6
JournalChinese Journal of Polymer Science (English Edition)
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics


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