Polyurethane/poly[bis(carboxylatophenoxy)phosphazene] blends and their potential as flame-retardant materials

Carey S. Reed, Jonathan P. Taylor, Kevin S. Guigley, Michael M. Coleman, Harry R. Allcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


A functionalized polyphosphazene, poly[bis(carboxylatophenoxy)-phosphazene], was blended with a structural polyurethane via reactive mixing of the polymer with diisocyanate and diol prepolymers. The thermal stabilities of the resultant foams were analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The char yields at both 400°C and 600°C increased relative to the pure polyurethane upon increasing the amount of polyphosphazene from 5 wt% to 20 wt%. At higher incorporations, the char at 400°C remained the same, but the char at 600°C continued to increase. The combustion behavior of these foams was analyzed both qualitatively, by a horizontal flame test, and quantitatively, by oxygen index (OI) measurements. Both of these tests indicated an increase in flame resistance at loadings of 20 wt% and above.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-472
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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