¿Por qué las reformas económicas de México no han generado crecimiento?

Timothy J. Kehoe, Kim J. Ruhl

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Following its opening to trade and foreign investment in the mid-1980s, Mexico's economic growth has been modest at best, particularly in comparison with that of China. Comparing these countries and reviewing the literature, we conclude that the relation between openness and growth is not a simple one. Using standard trade theory, we find that Mexico has gained from trade, and by some measures, more so than China. We sketch out a theory in which developing countries can grow faster than the United States by reforming. As a country becomes richer, this sort of catch-up becomes more difficult. Absent continuing reforms, Chinese growth is likely to slow down sharply, perhaps leaving China at a level less than Mexico's real GDP per working-age person.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)491-523
Number of pages33
JournalTrimestre Economico
Issue number311
StatePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics

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