Porous carbide-derived carbons (CDCs) are synthesized by chlorination of carbides with different carbon volume fractions in the temperature range from 400 to 1000 °C. It is found that the volume fraction of carbon atoms in carbide precursor has much influence on pore structure of the produced CDC. It is prone to form well ordered graphite to chlorinate carbides with high carbon volume fraction (e.g. VC and TiC). Interlayer spacing of the produced graphite is about 0.34 nm. Its thickness increases with chlorination temperature, which leads to a monotonous increase of pore size in the produced CDC. As for the CDCs synthesized from carbides with low carbon volume fraction (e.g. NbC), it is mainly composed of single or bi-layer graphene. The pore size distribution of these NbC-CDCs is insensitive to chlorination temperature. NbC-CDC synthesized at moderate temperature (600 or 800 °C) contains a large amount of micropores (∼0.8 nm) and small amount of mesopores. Since almost all of these micropores are end-opened, the produced NbC-CDC has high specific surface area (>2000 m2 g-1).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials