Positive event diversity: Relationship with personality and well-being

Patrick Klaiber, Patrick L. Hill, David M. Almeida, Anita DeLongis, Nancy L. Sin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Examining the personality and well-being correlates of positive event diversity. Background: Past research has highlighted that personality traits are linked to the frequency of daily positive events. This study is the first to examine positive event diversity, the extent to which positive events are spread across multiple types of positive life domains, as well as its personality and well-being correlates. Method: We conducted parallel analyses of three daily diary datasets (Ns = 1919, 744, and 1392) that included evening assessment of daily positive events and affective well-being. The Big Five personality traits were assessed in baseline surveys. Results: Positive Event Diversity was related to higher person-mean daily positive affect but not negative affect. Higher Extraversion, Agreeableness, Openness, and lower Neuroticism were correlated with more positive event diversity. These associations became nonsignificant when controlling for positive event frequency. Positive event frequency moderated the link between positive event diversity and person-mean affect, such that higher positive event diversity was associated with higher negative and lower positive affect for people who experienced more frequent positive events. Conclusions: No consistent evidence was found for personality as a moderator of the positive event diversity–well-being link across the three studies. Further, the well-being implications of positive event diversity may be better understood when interpreting them alongside indexes of positive event frequency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Personality
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

Cite this