Preclinical characterization of mitochondria-targeted small molecule Hsp90 inhibitors, gamitrinibs, in advanced prostate cancer

Byoung Heon Kang, Markus D. Siegelin, Janet Plescia, Christopher M. Raskett, David S. Garlick, Takehiko Dohi, Jane B. Lian, Gary S. Stein, Lucia R. Languino, Dario C. Altieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study aimed to characterize the preclinical activity of the first class of combinatorial, mitochondria-targeted, small molecule heat shock protein-90 (Hsp90) inhibitors, gamitrinibs, in models of hormone-refractory, drug-resistant, localized, and bone metastatic prostate cancer in vivo. Experimental Design: Mitochondrial permeability transition, apoptosis, and changes in metabolic activity were examined by time-lapse videomicroscopy, multiparametric flow cytometry, MTT, and analysis of isolated mitochondria. Drug-resistant prostate cancer cells were generated by chronic exposure of hormone-refractory PC3 cells to the Hsp90 inhibitor 17-allylaminogeldanamycin (17-AAG). The effect of gamitrinibs on s.c. or intratibial prostate cancer growth was studied in xenograft models. Bone metastatic tumor growth and bone parameters were quantified by micro-computed tomography imaging. Results: In the NCI 60-cell line screening, gamitrinibs were active against all tumor cell types tested, and efficiently killed metastatic, hormone-refractory, and multidrug-resistant prostate cancer cells characterized by overexpression of the ATP binding cassette transporter P-glycoprotein. Mechanistically, gamitrinibs, but not 17-AAG, induced acute mitochondrial dysfunction in prostate cancer cells with loss of organelle membrane potential, release of cytochrome c, and caspase activity, independently of proapoptotic Bcl-2 proteins Bax and Bak. Systemic administration of gamitrinibs to mice was well tolerated, and inhibited s.c. or bone metastatic prostate cancer growth in vivo. Conclusions: Gamitrinibs have preclinical activity and favorable safety in models of drug-resistant and bone metastatic prostate cancer in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4779-4788
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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