Predicting the Level of Respiratory Support in COVID-19 Patients Using Machine Learning

Hisham Abdeltawab, Fahmi Khalifa, Yaser ElNakieb, Ahmed Elnakib, Fatma Taher, Norah Saleh Alghamdi, Harpal Singh Sandhu, Ayman El-Baz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, a machine learning-based system for the prediction of the required level of respiratory support in COVID-19 patients is proposed. The level of respiratory support is divided into three classes: class 0 which refers to minimal support, class 1 which refers to non-invasive support, and class 2 which refers to invasive support. A two-stage classification system is built. First, the classification between class 0 and others is performed. Then, the classification between class 1 and class 2 is performed. The system is built using a dataset collected retrospectively from 3491 patients admitted to tertiary care hospitals at the University of Louisville Medical Center. The use of the feature selection method based on analysis of variance is demonstrated in the paper. Furthermore, a dimensionality reduction method called principal component analysis is used. XGBoost classifier achieves the best classification accuracy (84%) in the first stage. It also achieved optimal performance in the second stage, with a classification accuracy of 83%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number536
JournalBioengineering
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering

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