Prehospital Emergency Medical Services in Malaysia

N. A.R.Nik Hisamuddin, M. Shah Hamzah, C. James Holliman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Once a very slowly developing country in a Southeast Asia region, Malaysia has undergone considerable change over the last 20 years after the government changed its focus from agriculture to developing more industry and technology. The well-known "Vision 2020," introduced by the late Prime Minister, set a target for the nation to be a developed country in the Asia region by the year 2020. As the economy and standard of living have improved, the demand from the public for a better health care system, in particular, emergency medical services (EMS), has increased. Despite the effort by the government to improve the health care system in Malaysia, EMS within the country are currently limited, best described as being in the "developing" phase. The Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, Civil Defense, and non-governmental organizations such as Red Crescent and St. John's Ambulance, provide the current ambulance services. At the present time, there are no uniform medical control or treatment protocols, communication systems, system management, training or education, or quality assurance policies. However, the recent development of and interest in an Emergency Medicine training program has gradually led to improved EMS and prehospital care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-421
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine


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