Preschoolers' speed of locating a target symbol under different color conditions

Krista M. Wilkinson, Michael Carlin, Vinoth Jagaroo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


A pressing decision in AAC concerns the organization of aided visual symbols. One recent proposal suggested that basic principles of visual processing may be important determinants of how easily a symbol is found in an array, and that this, in turn will influence more functional outcomes like symbol identification or use. This study examined the role of color on accuracy and speed of symbol location by 16 preschool children without disabilities. Participants searched for a target stimulus in an array of eight stimuli. In the same-color condition, the eight stimuli were all red; in the guided search condition, four of the stimuli were red and four were yellow; in the unique-color condition, all stimuli were unique colors. Accuracy was higher and reaction time was faster when stimuli were unique colors than when they were all one color. Reaction time and accuracy did not differ under the guided search and the color-unique conditions. The implications for AAC are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-133
Number of pages11
JournalAAC: Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rehabilitation
  • Speech and Hearing


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