Prevalence and distribution of soil-borne Bacillus anthracis in different districts of Punjab, Pakistan

Haroon Rashid, Khushi Muhammad, Masood Rabbani, Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Tasleem Ghori, Mamoona Chaudhry, Hamad Bin Rashid, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir, Muhammad Hamid Chaudhary, Muhammad Asad Ali, Mian Muhammad Khubaib Sattar, Javed Muhammad, Bhushan Jayarao

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A multidisciplinary collaborative project was conducted to study the prevalence and distribution of soilborne B. anthracis in Punjab Province, Pakistan and to ascertain its public health significance. Using a grid-based sampling strategy, soil samples (n=1985) were collected from villages (n = 397, 5 samples/ village) and examined for Bacillus anthracis, using real time PCR assays. Soil samples were found positive for plasmid DNA of Bacillus anthracis (CapB) in 3 villages (n= 3/1985, 0.15%), whereas plasmid DNA of Bacillus anthracis (PA) was detected in soil samples of 4 villages, (n=4/1985, 0.20%). The odds of detecting plasmid DNA of B. anthracis (CapB) in Attock district were based on, distance from animal market which is not associated with presence of Cap B i.e. 1.217 (0.1087, 13.63), distance from main road 0.8373 (0.07478, 9.376), number of households in the village 0.902 (0.08044, 10.11). The odds of plasmid DNA of B. anthracis (PA) in Attock was not associated in distance from animal market 0.3043 (0.02718, 3.408), distance from the main road 0.8373 (0.07478, 9.376), distance from water source 0.5882 (0.05258, 6.581), number of household in village 0.2255 (0.02011, 2.528) in Chakwal only one sample was found positive, while in the Faisalabad, Sahiwal. In Gujranwala, D.G. Khan and Sargodha, no positive sample was detected. The odds of (PA) in Chakwal District pathogen B. anthracis PA plasmid positive sample shows no association with distance from Animal Market, distance from road, distance from drainage, not subjected to human population, and for distance animal density because only one sample was found positive others districts (Gujranwala, Sargodha, Sahiwal, Faisalabad and D.G Khan) showed no association.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2383-2386
Number of pages4
JournalPakistan Journal of Zoology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Animal Science and Zoology


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