Prevalence of ciprofloxacin resistance and associated genetic determinants differed among Campylobacter isolated from human and poultry meat sources in Pennsylvania

Runan Yan, Nkuchia M. M'ikanatha, Irving Nachamkin, Lauren K. Hudson, Thomas G. Denes, Jasna Kovac

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Poultry is the primary source of Campylobacter infections and severe campylobacteriosis cases are treated with macrolides and fluoroquinolones. However, these drugs are less effective against antimicrobial-resistant strains. Here, we investigated the prevalence of phenotypic antimicrobial resistance and associated resistance genetic determinants in Campylobacter isolates collected from human clinical (N = 123) and meat (N = 80) sources in Pennsylvania in 2017 and 2018. Our goal was to assess potential differences in the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter isolated from human and poultry meat sources in Pennsylvania and to assess the accuracy of predicting antimicrobial resistance phenotypes based on resistance genotypes. We whole genome sequenced isolates and identified genetic resistance determinants using the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System Campylobacter AMR workflow v2.0 in GalaxyTrakr. Phenotypic antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out using the E-Test and Sensititre CAMPYCMV methods for human clinical and poultry meat isolates, respectively, and the results were interpreted using the EUCAST epidemiological cutoff values. The 193 isolates were represented by 85 MLST sequence types and 23 clonal complexes, suggesting high genetic diversity. Resistance to erythromycin was confirmed in 6% human and 4% meat isolates. Prevalence of ciprofloxacin resistance was significantly higher in human isolates as compared to meat isolates. A good concordance was observed between phenotypic resistance and the presence of the corresponding known resistance genetic determinants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104349
JournalFood Microbiology
StatePublished - Dec 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

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