Preventing Home Medication Administration Errors

H. Shonna Yin, Daniel R. Neuspiel, Ian M. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Medication administration errors that take place in the home are common, especially when liquid preparations are used and complex medication schedules with multiple medications are involved; children with chronic conditions are disproportionately affected. Parents and other caregivers with low health literacy and/or limited English proficiency are at higher risk for making errors in administering medications to children in their care. Recommended strategies to reduce home medication errors relate to provider prescribing practices; health literacy-informed verbal counseling strategies (eg, teachback and showback) and written patient education materials (eg, pictographic information) for patients and/or caregivers across settings (inpatient, outpatient, emergency care, pharmacy); dosing-tool provision for liquid medication measurement; review of medication lists with patients and/ or caregivers (medication reconciliation) that includes prescription and over-the-counter medications, as well as vitamins and supplements; leveraging the medical home; engaging adolescents and their adult caregivers; training of providers; safe disposal of medications; regulations related to medication dosing tools, labeling, packaging, and informational materials; use of electronic health records and other technologies; and research to identify novel ways to support safe home medication administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021054666
JournalPediatrics
Volume148
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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