Primary ovarian sarcoma: Analysis of prognostic variables and the role of surgical cytoreduction

Anil K. Sood, Joel I. Sorosky, Mark S. Gelder, Richard E. Buller, Barrie Anderson, Edward J. Wilkinson, Jo A. Benda, Linda S. Morgan

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101 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Data regarding the value of cytoreduction and cell histology in ovarian sarcomas are limited. The goal of this study was to assess the value of surgical cytoreduction, preoperative CA 125 levels, stage, histology, and platinum-based chemotherapy in the primary treatment of ovarian sarcomas. METHODS. A retrospective analysis of 47 women with primary ovarian sarcomas was performed. RESULTS. Forty-one patients (87%) presented with advanced stage disease (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage III or IV). Optimal surgical cytoreduction (< 1 cm residual tumor burden) was achieved in 25 patients (53%). Forty patients (85%) had a malignant mixed muellerian tumor whereas 7 patients had a pure sarcoma. Eighteen women with mixed muellerian tumors had homologous tumors and 22 had heterologous elements. Patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy were significantly more likely to have a response (P = 0.008) compared with those treated with other regimens. Treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy also showed a survival advantage (P = 0.03). Preoperative CA 125 levels were elevated (>35 U/mL) in 93% of patients with ovarian sarcomas. A preoperative CA 125 level < 75 U/mL was significantly associated with better survival (P = 0.01). In univariate analysis, other significant predictors of improved survival were early stage (P = 0.04), homologous tumors (P < 0.05), and optimal surgical cytoreduction (P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis of various prognostic variables, optimal surgical cytoreduction (P < 0.001) was the most significant factor, followed by histologic subtype (P < 0.02). CONCLUSIONS. Ovarian sarcomas are rare malignancies with a poor prognosis. All women with suspected ovarian carcinoma or sarcoma should have a preoperative CA 125 level taken. Surgical cytoreduction to a residual tumor burden of ≤ 1 cm improves outcome and should be the goal of surgery. Although the optimal consolidation chemotherapy regimen remains unknown, platinum should be included as part of the regimen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1731-1737
Number of pages7
JournalCancer
Volume82
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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