Privacy-preserving real-time anomaly detection using edge computing

Shagufta Mehnaz, Elisa Bertino

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    14 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Anomaly detection on data collected by devices, such as sensors and IoT objects, is inevitable for many critical systems, e.g., an anomaly in the data of a patient's health monitoring device may indicate a medical emergency situation. Because of the resource-constrained nature of these devices, data collected by such devices are usually off-loaded to the cloud/edge for storage and/or further analysis. However, to ensure data privacy it is critical that the data be transferred to and managed by the cloud/edge in an encrypted form which necessitates efficient processing of such encrypted data for real-time anomaly detection. Motivated by the simultaneous demands for data privacy and real-time data processing, in this paper, we investigate the problem of a privacy-preserving real-time anomaly detection service on sensitive, time series, streaming data. We propose a privacy-preserving framework that enables efficient anomaly detection on encrypted data by leveraging a lightweight and aggregation optimized encryption scheme to encrypt the data before off-loading the data to the edge. We demonstrate our solution for a widely used anomaly detection algorithm, windowed Gaussian anomaly detector and evaluate the performance of the solution in terms of the obtained model privacy, accuracy, latency, and communication cost.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationProceedings - 2020 IEEE 36th International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE 2020
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society
    Pages469-480
    Number of pages12
    ISBN (Electronic)9781728129037
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 2020
    Event36th IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE 2020 - Dallas, United States
    Duration: Apr 20 2020Apr 24 2020

    Publication series

    NameProceedings - International Conference on Data Engineering
    Volume2020-April
    ISSN (Print)1084-4627

    Conference

    Conference36th IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE 2020
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CityDallas
    Period4/20/204/24/20

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Software
    • Signal Processing
    • Information Systems

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