Probabilistic forecasting of project duration using Kalman filter and the earned value method

Byung Cheol Kim, Kenneth F. Reinschmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


The earned value method (EVM) is recognized as a viable method for evaluating and forecasting project cost performance. However, its application to schedule performance forecasting has been limited due to poor accuracy in predicting project durations. Recently, several EVM-based schedule forecasting methods were introduced. However, these are still deterministic and have large prediction errors early in the project due to small sample size. In this paper, a new forecasting method is developed based on Kalman filter and the earned schedule method. The Kalman filter forecasting method (KFFM) provides probabilistic predictions of project duration at completion and can be used from the beginning of a project without significant loss of accuracy. KFFM has been programmed in an add-in for Microsoft Excel and it can be implemented on all kinds of projects monitored by EVM or any other S-curve approach. Applications on two real projects are presented here to demonstrate the advantages of KFFM in extracting additional information from data about the status, trend, and future project schedule performance and associated risks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)834-843
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Industrial relations
  • Strategy and Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Probabilistic forecasting of project duration using Kalman filter and the earned value method'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this